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Posted On: 14 March 2011 11:02 am
Updated On: 12 November 2020 02:10 pm

Japan fights to avert meltdown

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Prime Minister Naoto Kan describes the crisis as Japan’s worst since 1945 Japan struggled yesterday to avert a nuclear disaster and care for millions of people without power or water, three days after an earthquake and tsunami killed an estimated 10,000 people or more in the nation’s darkest hour since World War Two. The world’s third-largest economy opens for business today, a badly wounded nation that has seen whole villages and towns wiped off the map by a wall of water, leaving in its wake an international humanitarian effort of epic proportion. A grim-faced Prime Minister Naoto Kan described the crisis as Japan’s worst since 1945. Officials confirmed that three nuclear reactors were at risk of overheating, raising fears of an uncontrolled radiation leak. “The earthquake, tsunami and the nuclear incident have been the biggest crisis Japan has encountered in the 65 years since the end of World War II,” Kan told a news conference. “We’re under scrutiny on whether we, the Japanese people, can overcome this crisis.” As he spoke, officials worked desperately to stop fuel rods in the damaged reactors from overheating. If they fail, the containers that house the core could melt, or even explode, releasing radioactive material into the atmosphere. The most urgent crisis centres on the Fukushima Daiichi complex, where all three reactors are threatening to overheat, and where authorities say they have been forced to release radioactive steam into the air to relieve reactor pressure. The complex, 240km north of Tokyo, was rocked by an explosion on Saturday, which blew the roof off a reactor building. The government did not rule out further blasts there but said this would not necessarily damage the reactor vessels. Authorities have poured sea water in all three of the complex’s reactor to cool them down. The complex, run by Tokyo Electric Power Company, is the biggest nuclear concern but not the only one: the UN nuclear watchdog said Japanese authorities had notified it of an emergency at another plant further north, at Onagawa. But Japan’s nuclear safety agency denied problems at the Onagawa plant, run by Tohoku Electric Power Company, noting that radioactive releases from the Fukushima Daiichi complex had been detected at Onagawa, but that these were within safe levels at a tiny fraction of the radiation received in an X-ray. Shortly later, a cooling-system problem was reported at another nuclear plant closer to Tokyo, in Ibaraki prefecture. Fukushima’s No 1 reactor, where the roof was ripped off, is 40 years old and was originally set to go out of commission in February but had its operating licence extended by 10 years. Prime Minister Kan said the crisis was not another Chernobyl, referring to the nuclear disaster of 1986 in Soviet Ukraine. “Radiation has been released in the air, but there are no reports that a large amount was released,” Jiji news agency quoted him as saying. “This is fundamentally different from the Chernobyl accident.” Nevertheless, France recommended its citizens leave the Tokyo region, citing the risk of further earthquakes and uncertainty about the nuclear plants. Reuters