Indians working in Gulf countries are responsible for the highest number of complaints about conditions this year, according to a government minister.
By contrast, overseas workers in Malaysia have the least number of complaints regarding exploitation, ill-treatment or non-payment of salaries, said Minister of Overseas Indian Affairs, Vayalar Ravi in comments published in local media.
He said those working in Kuwait have the highest number of grievances, totalling 2,253.
Qatar, where many Asian workers are employed in its booming construction industry, saw the second highest number of complaints (2,194) as of July this year.
Saudi Arabia (1,889), Oman (1,494), Bahrain (470) and the UAE (393) were also high on the list, he added.
"The Indian government has taken several initiatives to protect the welfare of overseas Indian workers. There does not appear to be a continuous rise in the number of cases of exploitation or misbehaviour and harassment of Indian workers," he said in a statement.
Last month, it was reported that 100 Indian workers stranded in Bahrain for six years will be allowed to return home after their former employer, Nass Corporation, reached an agreement with the Indian Embassy.
The Manama-based conglomerate said it had agreed to withdraw the case against the employees it accused of "absconding from work" following a dispute over wages in 2006.
India has signed labour agreements with Jordan and Qatar, and memorandums of understanding (MoU) with the UAE, Kuwait, Oman, Malaysia and Bahrain.
The MoUs are designed to enhance bilateral cooperation in management of migration and protection of labour welfare.
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