With thousands of expats moving to Qatar and building new lives here, the vivacious city is bursting with residential properties to accommodate its increasing population. If you are looking to rent an apartment in Doha, make sure you are doing it right to avoid any problems. Here is your guide to help you rent a property in Qatar.
Before moving into the details of the procedures and laws, it is important to understand some common terminologies to ensure complete regulation clarity. Two such terms are the "lessor" and the "lessee"; the lessor refers to the party renting or leasing out the property, whilst the lessee refers to the tenant.
The constitution related to renting is highly strict in terms of contracts that the lessor and the lessee undertake. Both parties should be protected equally in accordance with the laws as clearly stated in Article 3 (Part 1 )of the Property Leasing Law.
When everything is set and done in terms of the authentication of various documents, and the legality of the property & contracts, then you should also be aware of the rights and duties of both the lessor and the lessee. To make it simple and easy to understand, we break down the articles 4-14 stated under Law No. (4) of 2008 Regarding Property Leasing.
1) The lessor shall turn over to the lessee the leased premises or the house in the condition for which it is intended for (renting), in accordance with the terms and conditions agreed upon in the contract.
2) It is the responsibility of the lessor to maintain the leased premises in a fit and usable condition. If the lessee reported something to be repaired and the lessor failed to act upon it, the lessee has the right to obtain permission from The Committee for Settlement of Rental Disputes to carry out and repair it by himself at his own expense and deduct the cost from his rental payment.
3) The right of the lessee to revoke the lease, reduce the rental payments, cease paying the rent, or extend the tenancy, shall be deemed to be waived if such lessee, without reasonable excuse, occupies the leased premises for thirty days from the date that such maintenance works are undertaken without resorting to the Committee.
4) The lessor can not charge the lessee for more than two months in rent for a security deposit.
5) The lessee is responsible for maintaining the leased premises but is not allowed to change or repair anything without written consent from the lessor. If the lessee failed to ask the consent, the lessor may request the lessee to return everything in its original condition.
6) The lessee should pay all water, electricity, telephone charges, and any other charges from the start of turnover unless otherwise agreed.
7) The lessor can not increase rent due under leases already in force or concluded from the date of the implementation of the present Law, except in accordance with rules, terms, and rates determined by a decree issued by the Council of Ministers upon a proposal from the Minister.
8) The lessee by law should pay the rent on time and not later than seven days from the due date. If the lessor refuses to provide an official receipt of payment, the lessee within seven days can notify the lessor by a registered letter that the payment should be received in seven days. Failure of the lessor to do so, the lessee should deposit the payment to the Treasury Committee as soon as possible.
9) The existing lease shall form part of the title of a new owner even if such a lease is not specifically dated on a date preceding the conveyance of such title unless it is proven that the lease is null or void.
10) A new owner shall, by registered letter, notify the lessee and the Office of the conveyance within thirty days starting from the day following the date of registration of title under the new owner’s name, and a copy of the title deed shall be enclosed with the notification or any document to the same effect.
11) The lessee may not sub-let or assign all or part of the lease to third parties, except with the written consent of the lessor.
The lease shall be terminated immediately at the end of every contract as specified during the signing. Just in case the lessee decides to continue or extend the contract and the lessor expresses no objection, the contract will be renewed for a similar term under the same terms and conditions.
However, in other instances, the lease shall not be terminated by the death of one of the parties to the lease. But if the heirs of the lessee decide to terminate the contract, the law allows them to do so. In addition to the death of the lessee, if in case the immediate family wants to continue the lease, they shall assume all the lessee's rights and duties. If on the other hand, the lessee sells all the rights from the lease of the premises, then all the rights and duties shall be transferred to the purchaser.
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